Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the king of the Sikh Empire, which was formed under his leadership and eventually emerged as a major power in the Indian subcontinent. Popularly known as Sher-e-Punjab or Lion of Punjab, this gallant king became Chief of Sukerchakia Misl following his father’s death. He fought several wars to expel the Afghans. Formation of the Sikh Empire started after he captured Lahore, which was followed by ouster of Afghans from Punjab after the Afghan-Sikh Wars and eventual merger of separate Sikh Misls into a unified political state. At age 21, Ranjit Singh proclaimed himself “Maharaja of Punjab”. He established a secular empire based in Punjab and expanded it till his death in 1839. His reign witnessed modernisation of the army and other leading-edge efforts apart from a renaissance in Sikh art and culture.